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What is Rambutan?

What is Rambutan ?


Familiarity with rambutan.

Few people know the name rambutan.What is Rambutan? Rambutan - a tropical fruit from Southeast Asia. This amazing fruit has become famous in the 18th century, when the king called Rama wrote an ode dedicated to this fruit. Fetus was described as follows: "The appearance of his terrible, but inside the fruit is perfect. Appearances are deceptive!"

Rambutan growing southern and central provinces of Thailand. He is one of the most delicious and unusual fruit in all markets. In Thailand, rambutan is called "ngo". The appearance of rambutan in Thailand, there is a legend that the Malaysian or Chinese miner is not exactly known, arrived in Thailand planted seedlings brought from home rambutan. After some time prospector went home and garden with trees remained and continued to bear fruit. Subsequently orchard became the property of the Ministry of Education, Thailand. Next to the garden school was built, and the fruit got its name ngo rongrian, which means "school rambutans."

Looks like rambutan.

Rambutan fruits are so amazing that resemble chestnuts or unpeeled lychees. Nappy fruit has a very sweet white pulp. Fruit oval, whose size ranges from three to six centimeters, can be easily cleaned from skin. Inside the fruit has a bone.
What is Rambutan? What is Rambutan?

Rambutan plant - evergreen tree whose height can reach up to 6 meters. On the tree are small, flat flowers without petals collected in erect panicles.

Some varieties of rambutan grown in industrial environments. As a result isolated bisexual plants. A distinctive feature is that most of the flowers - for women, which later formed the fruit, but the percentage of male flowers is much less, but they are able to produce pollen.

Rambutan fruit beautifully assembled in clusters of 15-20 pieces. There are fruits with red, yellow and orange shell, which is covered with thick, but enough bending spikes. More talking about the fruit flesh, it is worth noting that it is translucent or pale pink shade. Rambutan fruit taste sweet and sour and very juicy. In the skin and two or three centimeter plant seed contains an abundance of alkaloid saponin and tannin. They are completely inedible and bitter taste.

Habitat

Rambutan is widespread not only in Southeast Asia but also in Africa, Central America, the Caribbean islands and Australia. Rambutan plantations are in Cambodia, Indonesia, India, the Philippines and Sri Lanka.
What is Rambutan? What is Rambutan?

However, Thailand is one of the largest suppliers to the world market of this tropical fruit. Rambutan fruit can be eaten raw or cook from them jellies, jams, and they can conserve. Moreover, the extraordinary beauty of an evergreen tree with bright fruit perfectly complements any landscape.

No part of the fruit is not thrown out, even bone. All can be used. In bone fruit rambutan contains up to 40% of fats and oils, having in its composition oleic and arachidic acid. Thus, oil seeds used to produce soap and cosmetic holiday candles. Bark, roots and leaves of the plant have been used in folk medicine as well as in the manufacture of paints for fabrics. Dried peel rambutans sold in pharmacies as a medicine.

Since rambutan - a plant of the tropical belt, it is very sensitive to temperature. The most ideal conditions for rambutan in the eastern region of the Philippines, where the average temperature is approximately equal to 27.5S and humidity - 83%.

Rambutan trees to bear fruit well, they need deep soil, rich in organic matter or sandy clay loam and good drainage. Grafted trees usually bear fruit already in the second or third year. So-called active peak fruiting observed at 8-10 year life.

Due to the fact that the rambutan fruits abundantly, then pulled out of the soil a lot of minerals, therefore, post-harvest mature plants need to be fed.

Rambutan varieties.

Do rambutans are about two hundred varieties. Basically, they are taken in the countries of Southeast Asia. When breed new varieties, focusing on height rambutan. Special demand seedless varieties rambutan.
What is Rambutan? What is Rambutan?

The most popular varieties are:

• 'Lebakbooloos' - a tree with enough broad crown and dark red fruits that are swirling ornaments spines. The pulp of the class - viscous sour and quite firmly attached to the seed.

• 'Seematjan' - characterized by long flexible tree branches and dark red fruits with spines 2 cm long This variety rambutan, there are two subspecies: 'Seematjan besar' with small fruit, thin-skinned with long spines quite rare, but very sweet and juicy flesh. But the second subspecies 'Seematjan ketjil' is not characterized by an abundance of flesh. Although it is dense, but soft and sweet, with easy unattached stone.

• 'Seenjonja'- slow growing tree with a spreading crown. Fruits almost oval, 4 cm long and 1.5 cm wide Color wine red fruit with soft flexible spines.

• In the variety <'Sectangkooweh' flat oblong fruit length of 5 cm They rough rind and thin short spines . Flesh this sort of yellowish color.

• Another fairly slow growing variety - 'Seelengkeng'. It is very popular in China since it resembles the taste of lychee. Oblong fruit with mildly sweet flesh, have broad , beautiful and soft spines.

• Unlike many other varieties of rambutan grade 'Seekonto' is growing rapidly and has a very large fruit - 5 inches long and 4 inches wide. They are covered with thick skin and short spines. Flesh dryish, but very tasty.

• 'Atjeh koonig' and 'Rambutan gading' - display characteristic yellow color.

Exotic dessert recipe of Rambutan

Offer to cook a cake with tropical fruit sauce rambutan.
You need the following ingredients:
• 300 g of purified pecan nuts (or walnuts )
• package of dried figs floor (approximately 250-300 g), figs need to be soaked in water for 1 hour
• zest of 1 lemon
• 2 teaspoons cinnamon
• 300 grams of dried mango slices , pre- soaked in 2 cups of orange juice until soft (1-3 hours )
• 3 large pitted dates
• 1 cup orange juice
• 1 cup peeled fruit rambutan
• 1 teaspoon salt
• 1 tablespoon sugar
• 1 tablespoon coconut ( or butter ) oil
• 1 tablespoon lemon juice
• 1 large mango peeled, chopped into thin slices
• 1 teaspoon grated ginger
What is Rambutan?

Preparation:

Chop the pecan nuts, soaked figs, lemon zest . Add cinnamon and salt. Mix. Roll out the dough with a diameter of 20 cm Bake in the oven until done. Cool. Grind in a blender soaked slices of mango, dates, coconut oil and lemon juice. You should get a creamy mass. Spread the cream evenly on the surface of the cake. Cover with slices of mango. Leave for 2 hours to cool down.

At this time, mix in a blender rambutan, ginger, water, sugar. Strain the resulting mass. When the cake has cooled, cut it into 8 equal pieces. Take a bowl and pour a little more sauce, place the sliced ​​cake. Cake slices liberally sauce and leave to soak for a few hours impregnation. Pie is best served chilled with cocktail of tropical fruits with rum.
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Autor: Date: 9-03-2014, 22:07Views: 6727Comments: - 0
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